Incarceration Sites | Organizations | Books | Media

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Incarceration Sites

America's Concentration Camps
Photographs of the remnants of the prison camps by Prof. Masumi Hayashi.

Civil Liberties Public Education Fund
This organization was established by the Civil Liberties Act to support research and public education on the incarceration experience so that it will be remembered and not repeated. Contains many links to projects and researchers.

Conscience and the Constitution
Documents the many Japanese American draft resisters within the WWII concentration camps. Created for a new PBS program on the subject.

Densho captures fleeting memories and images from the past, makes them accessible, and safeguards them for future generations. Using digital technology, Densho (meaning "to pass on to the next generation") gathers the life stories of Japanese Americans incarcerated by the U.S. government during World War II and presents their firsthand accounts, together with historic photographs and documents.

Evacuation of San Francisco Japanese
Extensive period news articles and images from the San Francisco Museum.

The Family Album Project

A collection of photographs depicting camp life taken by former prisoners.

Gallery of the Open Frontier
( A digital library of photos, paintings, and drawings that pertain to the history of the American West. This online resource, drawn initially from the primary collections of the National Archives, is a platform where scholars, researchers, university students, primary and secondary school students, and the interested citizen can easily traverse a visual history of the American frontier.

Internment* and the Law
Focuses primarily on the legal issues surrounding internment, by Prof. Vernellia R. Randall of the University of Dayton School of Law.

Japanese American Exhibit and Access Project

A multifaceted project to create a permanent Web site which provides enhanced access to the UW Libraries holdings on the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II.

Japanese American Internment* Experience - Santa Clara Valley
Information on the experience of Santa Clara Valley, CA, Japanese Americans.

Japanese American Internment* Memorial
A site dedicated to the bronze panoramic memorial in San Jose, CA, that re-tells the history of Japanese Americans in narrative panels.

The Japanese American Internment*
An extensive Web site about the relocation of Japanese Americans, with many articles and links.

Journal of San Diego History

The WWII relocation of San Diego's nikkei community.

Office of Redress Authority
The Department of Justice agency established by the Civil Liberties Act of 1988.

War Relocation Authority Photographs of Japanese-American Evacuation and Resettlement, 1942-1945
Over 7000 photographs document day-to-day life in individual relocation centers, as well as pre-evacuation activities in California, relocation of evacuees in various states, and resettlement activities. This collection reflects the point of view of the WRA.

442nd Go for Broke
Dedicated to the Japanese American WWII brigade, some of the most decorated soldiers in the War, who fought in Europe while their families were incarcerated in the U.S.

The Camps

The Assembly Centers: Temporary Internment* Camps
Pictures of the various assembly centers.

Camp Harmony Exhibit

Documents, letters and photographs from the Puyallup Assembly Center, a Japanese-American concentration camp.

Heart Mountain Digital Preservation Project

Features documents and photographs from the Heart Mountain Relocation Center Collection at the Northwest College in Powell, Wyoming.

* Camps at Tule Lake and Topaz
From the Special Collections Department, J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah, and Private Collections.

Manzanar National Historic Site

One of the best preserved prison camps is now a part of the National Park Service and is open for self-guided tours.

Remembering Manzanar
A site dedicated to improving the Manzanar Camp as a historic landmark.

War Relocation Authority Camps in Arizona, 1942-1946
Features images from approximately 40 photographs taken for the War Relocation Authority which depict life in Arizona's two camps: Gila and Poston (Colorado River).

* More accurate terminology today is "incarceration" or "prison camp" instead of "internment."

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